In its current state of development, UWB is aimed at high data rates for personal-area networks, which have an effective operating radius of approximately 10 meters or less. Though similar to the current capabilities of Bluetooth, it uses a very different technology. UWB transmissions trade distance for bandwidth, so the greater the range, the lower the final data rate. Range can be extended up to perhaps a kilometer by using high-gain antennas and reducing performance.
One of UWB’s defining characteristics is that it requires very little electrical power——one source says it uses 0.001% as much power as a cell phone——and thus is virtually undetectable by conventional radios, which see the UWB signal as just very quiet background noise. Thus, a UWB telephone would use so little power that it could remain on for weeks without needing to be recharged. And because it uses all available spectra, UWB may well be cheaper to design and manufacture than conventional radios that require careful tuning to a specific frequency.
A UWB transmitter and receiver must be closely coordinated and synchronized to send and receive pulses with an aclearcase/" target="_blank" >ccuracy of trillionths of a second. The receiver responds only to a familiar pulse sequence. This makes UWB very secure, which explains why it was once used for clandestine communications by military and espionage agencies. UWB's broad frequency range includes the ultralow frequencies the U.S. Navy uses to communicate with submerged submarines.
UWB products will include radar and electronic location and positioning devices in addition to radios. UWB radar can see right through walls, ceilings and floors that would block or reflect other types of radio signals. As an electronic measuring technology, UWB is more accurate than Global Positioning System satellites, and it can be used indoors. The Navy reportedly plans to put UWB markers on almost everything it ships overseas, just to track materiel and keep it from being stolen.
Eventually, UWB networks are expected to run at speeds up to a gigabit per second and therefore should be able to handle all of the phone, television, and Internet traffic for a home or small business.
UWB, Bluetooth and IEEE 802.15.3
Ultrawideband will not replace Bluetooth for short-range communications, because Bluetooth is a complete, end-to-end communications standard, whereas UWB is merely a radio technology that can be used as part of an overall standard. Bluetooth defines how data is managed, formatted and physically carried over a wireless personal-area network (WPAN). However, designers expect that future Bluetooth implementations will be built on top of UWB signals.
802.15.3 is the IEEE standard for a high-data-rate WPAN designed to provide sufficient quality of service for the real-time distribution of content such as video and music. It is ideally suited for a home multimedia wireless network. The original standard uses a traditional carrier-based 2.4-GHz radio as the physical transmission layer.
802.15.3a, a follow-on standard still in the formative stages, will define an alternative 0layer. Current proposals based on UWB will provide more than 110Mbit/sec. at a distance of 10 meters and 480Mbit/sec. at 2 meters.(The End)
UWB、蓝牙和 IEEE 802.15.3